Medical Communication

Archive for August, 2009

Second life in Medical education – 1

Posted by drneelesh on August 31, 2009

CDC in the Virtual world


Virtual worlds are no longer an escape wonderland, they are part and parcel of real life now. Businesses, consultations, meetings, trainings, education- All are being held in Virtual world very regularly.There are a number of options for your virtual world preferences, but Second Life is the most popular. And wherever there are people, health services will follow. Health communication (the mechanism by which health messages are communicated from experts in the medical and public health fields to the people ) , blending closely with Health marketing (defined as creating, communication and delivering health information and interventions using customer-centered and science based strategies to protect and promote the health of diverse populations.) is achieved by CDC in virtual worlds. CDC, entrusted with leading the way in public health, was one of the early adapters of Virtual world. Hygeia Philo (the daughter of the god of medicine, Asclepius, and the goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation) is CDC presence in the Cyberworld.

Virtual worlds provide an immersive experience where users can get health information and practice healthy behaviors. Research in health communication and marketing demonstrates the connection between the ‘modeling’ of health behaviors and the real-world belief that one can turn those activities into actual behaviors.



 

CDC seeks innovative solutions to protect the health of all people and to solve pressing public health problems.The Office of Strategy and Innovation @ CDC encourages use of everyday technologies—such as cell phones, iPods, and the Internet—to promote health …. …ideas such as portable or electronic health records; technological solutions to preventing workplace injuries; new methods for delivering vaccines and medications; bio surveillance monitoring and reporting; and the rich field of research based on genetics.The person behind the avatar is John Anderton, who is responsible for bringing the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) into Second Life. The CDC, as Hygeia, formally entered the SL on July 13 ,2006 (CDC’s 60th anniversary). Now, they have their own Island, CDC Island, and their own group of 124 members,, CDC Group .The other uses of Virtual reality by CDC include preparing field staff (Deployment Safety and Resiliency Team -DSRT-)for stress during Outbreak Response.



The CDC is also active in another virtual world, Whyville (www.whyville.net). Whyville has been extensively used by CDC for sharing epidemiological information and promoting health information games . Though Whyville looks amateurish compared to Second Life, the response has been very overwhelming. The CDC regularly organizes Health Expos, conferences and meetings in both Virtual worlds.


Related Web Pages-
Healthcybermap.org
A second life for eHealth

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Virtual Patients and Surgical Guinea Pigs

Posted by drneelesh on August 31, 2009

Second Life

Virtual Patients and Surgical Guinea Pigs: “

I’ve been writing about the possible medical implications of virtual worlds for years. We do case presentations in Second Life and organize medical events in virtual environments almost for free. And now here are two more examples.

Dr James Bateman (Coventry & Warwickshire University Hospitals) talks about how virtual patients can be integrated into simulation-based teaching.

Wired wrote about a tool I tried myself at the Medicine Meets Virtual Reality conference in Long Beach, CA this year.

More about medicine in the virtual worlds:

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Accessing Evidence-Based Medicine

Posted by drneelesh on August 29, 2009

Accessing Evidence-Based Medicine: “There is discussion in blogs at the moment about the limits of Evidence-based medicine and how it may be impacted by web2.0 technologies. Laikas, a Dutch librarian, posted about this recently. Sarah Stewart, a midwife from NZ, replied by describing some of the difficulties faced by the public in accessing EBM and the resulting asymmetry of information between doctors and patients.

This reminded me of a You-Tube video I came across last year.

It is an interview Muir Gray, the NHS Chief Knowledge Officer (a post he first floated in 1998 in the BMJ), describes his view of the future of information in the NHS. Resources will be equally available to patients, (or to use his term, citizens) and to professionals. As a clinician and citizen I think this is an enlightened policy. I find much of the content on the NHS choices website very exciting, including Behind the Headlines. BtH gives an evidence-based critique of health stories in the press. I do not like Map of Medicine….. but more about that later:)

To illustrate some of the different sources of EBM available I am going to look at guidance on the management of stable COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

First of all here is the page from the BMJ’s Clinical Evidence site. I find this very unhelpful. If I wanted to know about one particular treatment and the evidence base, or lack of, for it’s use in the management of the condition, this would be useful. But it is not at all useful for a brief synopsis of how to manage the condition.

Next, Clinical Knowledge summaries COPD page. This has many different levels of information and takes quite a lot of clicking around. But it is likely to be useful to a clinician in a surgery. And probably to patients/citizens as well.

GP Notebook is in my experience a favourite of UK GPs. Looking at it’s info on the management of stable COPD it is clear that the guidance is related to the NICE guideline on the topic because it references the NICE guidance, and describes different steps for mild/moderate and severe levels of disease. This looks the easiest to access and most clinically relevant so far.

Lastly, we have the Map of Medicine stable COPD page. This annoys me on many levels. For one we are told under ‘indications for referral’ that this should be considered for severe COPD, but you have to go down to ‘follow-up care in severe disease’ to find out what the criteria for diagnosing severe COPD is.

What do you use to access EBM? Are different sites useful for different purposes? I’d love to hear your thoughts.

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The King Kong List For Free Medical Online Resources!

Posted by drneelesh on August 29, 2009

The King Kong List For Free Medical Online Resources!: “


‘A doctor must work eighteen hours a day and seven days a week. If you cannot console yourself to this, get out of the profession
.’
– Martin H. Fischer

Here is a juicy collection of free medical resources, games and courses (still under construction!) that you might want to use for your personal learning, or embed in your course/training/program as supplementary, or core resources to enrich the students’ learning experiences.


Let’s start with…

  • Medical Slides World
    SlideWorld is a web resource designed to facilitate educational process of medical professionals. It is a PowerPoint Search Engine that enables you to search more than 7 million presentations (.ppt) on medical related content. The site is open to anyone and is free of cost. Academic faculties and clinicians in practice from worldwide have contributed to the web portal.

  • JHSPH OCW
    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s OpenCourseware (JHSPH OCW) project provides access to content of the School’s most popular courses.

    JHSPH OCW Image Library enables you to search or browse to find and download hundreds of images from OCW courses. Most images are licensed for reuse, and their incorporation into your own educational materials is encouraged by The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health as part of our commitment to the open sharing of educational resources.

    In addition, you might want to check out Johns Hopkins Podcasts, too.

  • Health Sciences Online (HSO)
    HSO is the first website to deliver authoritative, comprehensive, free, and ad-free health sciences knowledge. Search and browse any health sciences topic from over 50,000 courses, references, guidelines, and other learning resources. Materials are selected from accredited educational sources including universities, governments, and professional societies, by knowledgeable staff at HSO.
  • Human Body and Mind – Interactive Body (BBC)
    An amazing interactive exploration of the human body and its functions.
  • Visible Body – 3D Human Anatomy
    Is a free virtual human anatomy website with detailed models of all human body systems.
  • Medical Videos
    Is an online library dedicated for videos and movies related to Medicine and Surgery to provide one easy place to find whatever a doctor,medical student,nurse or any individuals involved in medicine to find whatever he/she looks for.With a simple broadband connection you can enjoy the high quality medical videos either to learn new techniques or to be updated with the latest advances in medicine.
  • Think Anatomy
    They have found links to the best anatomy resources on the Internet, categorized them, reviewed them, and put them in one place for you. Thank you 🙂
  • Street Anatomy
    Street Anatomy is the creation of Vanessa Ruiz, art director, medical illustrator, blogger, and all out anatomy fanatic. It obsessively covers the use of human anatomy in medicine, art, and design. Street Anatomy began as a blog to educate people about the field of medical illustration and slowly evolved into an exploration of how anatomy is portrayed in everything from fine art to advertising.
  • LearnersTV.com
    This is a comprehensive site providing Video lectures, LiveOnline Tests, Audio lectures etc in the fields of Biology, Physics,Chemistry,Mathematics,Computer Science,Engineering,Medicine, Management and Accounting etc FREE to its visitors… This site provides free video/audio lectures of whole courses conducted by faculty from reputed universities around the world. Free live timed online tests with instant feedback and explanations will definitely help learners around the globe. Most of the materials offered are licensed by the respective institutes under a Creative Commons License. Currently, they have 3100+ videos in their database.
  • MerckSource
    Offers a wide variety of core health tools and resources, available to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They have designed this website with your health and medical needs in mind. Best of all, it’s free and it has absolutely no advertising. No distractions. Just credible health and medical information at your fingertips.
  • Medical Animation Library
    Free medical animations as provided by the University of Pennsylvania Health System. This content is ‘bandwidth intensive.’ The latest versions of the following browser plug-ins must be installed: Shockwave and Quicktime.
  • Molecular Movies
    This web resource presents an organized directory of cell and molecular animations, as well as a collection of original tutorials for life science professionals learning 3D visualization. The goal is to provide an efficient way for scientists and educators to browse and access existing animations for teaching and communication purposes.
  • Human Embryology Animations
    It explores General Embryology, Cardiovascular Embryology, Development of the Head and Neck, Gastrointestinal Embryology, Development of the Limbs, and Urinary and Reproductive Embryology. Amazing stuff!

Blogs

  • Digital Medicine and Technology in Medical Education (Dr. Neelesh Bhandari)
    Assessing the impact of Digital technologies on Health care.
  • Wishful thinking in Medical Education
    A GP and Clinical Lecturer in Cardiff University (Wales, UK) interested in the use of new technologies to further medical education. This blog explores how to use the tools that are available, and how we can help students get the most out of learning, and become better doctors.
  • Aestheticdoctor (Dr. Chin Shih Choon)
    Discusses lifestyle, beauty and the latest trends in medical aesthetics.
  • Please suggest more 🙂



Educational Games

Here is a sizzling collection of free educational games related to health, medicine and life (more EduGames!):

  • FreeRice
    Give free rice to hungry people by playing a simple game that increases your knowledge (vocabulary, language, maths, geography, chemistry, etc). For each answer you get right, they donate 10 grains of rice through the UN World Food Program to help end hunger.
  • AIDtoCHILDREN
    The game will help to expand your vocabulary and help children in need while doing so. For every correct answer they will donate .25 cents to children in need.

  • Re-Mission
    Understand cancer better and develop a positive attitude toward defeating it.

  • WFP Foodforce
    Understand world hunger and efforts to alleviate it.
  • The POD Game
    Dispense drugs and medical advice to people during an emergency. Using this game, you can enhance your efforts to teach staff and volunteers to work efficiently and sensitively with the public to maximize throughput in times of crisis.
  • Blood Typing
    In this game you have to blood type each patient and give them a blood transfusion.
  • Virtual Hip Surgery – Total Hip Replacement Surgery
    Take on the role of the Surgeon throughout a hip replacement surgery!
  • Virtual Knee Surgery – Total Knee Replacement
    Take on the role of the Surgeon throughout a total knee replacement surgery.
  • The Ear Pages
    Sound is caused by changes of pressure in the air that is transformed into nerve impulses in the inner ear. Explore ‘The Ear Pages’ and collect the snail shaped symbols to gain points in the quiz!
  • Immune Attack
    An educational video game that introduces basic concepts of human immunology to high school and entry-level college students. It aims to excite students about the subject, while also illuminating general principles and detailed concepts of immunology.

  • The Immune System Defender
    Ilya Mechnikov, inserted a thorn into a larva and noticed strange cells gathering around the thorn. The cells were eating any foreign substances entering the ruptured skin (devouring cells). Play the game to learn more!
  • Whack TB (Tuberculosis)
    There are almost 9 million new cases of TB each year; about 500,000 of these cases are resistant to the best TB drugs available to fight them. Play this game and learn more about fighting TB!” From the Families USA Global Health Initiative.
  • The Incredible Adventures of the Amazing Food Detective
    There has been a mysterious outbreak of unhealthy habits among kids, and we need to solve these cases. All junior food detectives will get secret training on how to eat right and exercise. Have fun playing the game!
  • The Food Detectives Fight BAC!
    The game gives kids a fun way to learn about foodborne illness. From New Mexico State University.
  • Fatworld
    A video game about the politics of nutrition. It explores the relationships between obesity, nutrition, and socioeconomics in the contemporary U.S.
  • WaterBusters!
    A game to teach tips for water conservation around the home.
  • Energyville
    It’s up to you to provide enough power to meet the energy demands of your city’s 3.9 million people while keeping them prosperous, secure, and living in a clean environment. The implications of the energy decisions you make today for your city in 2015 are based on the current lifestyles and the projected energy demands and costs for developed countries throughout North America, Europe and Asia.
  • ElectroCity
    ElectroCity is a new online computer game that lets players manage their own virtual towns and cities. It teaches players about energy, sustainability and environmental management in New Zealand.
  • Ayiti – The Cost of Life
    What is it like to live in poverty? Find out now in this challenging role playing game in which you take responsibility for a family of five in rural Haiti. From UNICEF with Microsoft support.
  • Stop Disasters
    The online game aims at teaching people on how to build safer villages and cities against disasters. Multiple languages. Good teacher resources.
  • Real Life Simulations
    That let you experience life as, for example, a peasant farmer in Bangladesh, a factory worker in Brazil, a policeman in Nigeria, a lawyer in the US, or a computer operator in Poland, among others.
  • 3rd World Farmer
    It aims at simulating the real-world mechanisms that cause and sustain poverty in 3rd World countries. In the game, the player gets to manage an African farm, and is soon confronted with the often difficult choices that poverty and conflict necessitate.
  • Climate Challenge
    A game where you are president of the European Nations. You must tackle climate change and stay popular enough with the voters to remain in office.
  • Global Warming Interactive
    Is a web based multi-user educational game which explores the relationship of global warming to economic, political and science policy decisions (intended for the high school user).
  • Quest Atlantis
    Help students understand social studies, environmental concerns, current events, and scientific standards.
  • Deliver The Net Game
    Race the sun and hand out as many insecticide-treated bed nets as you can to African families. The more nets you deliver – before the mosquitoes come out – the more lives you save.
  • Harpooned
    Harpooned is a free game for Windows. It is a Cetacean Research Simulator, where you play the role of a Japanese scientist performing research on whales around Antarctica.
  • WolfQuest
    Learn about wolf ecology by living the life of a wild wolf in Yellowstone National Park. Play alone or with friends in on-line multiplayer missions, explore the wilderness, hunt elk, and encounter stranger wolves in your quest to find a mate.

Open Courseware (OCW)
Here is a collection of interesting Health and Medical OpenCourseware you might want to explore further (Check JHSPH OCW for more!):
  1. Impact of Pandemic Influenza on Public Health (Johns Hopkins)
    This training examines the path of the avian influenza and examines how it could impact world health.
  2. Population Health (Tufts University)
    This course explores the relationships between population health and public health, animal health and human health, and clinical and population-based health practice.
  3. Human Growth and Development (Tufts University)
    This course explores the various developmental ‘tracks’ longitudinally from birth to death, and the individual at various cross-sectional stages/ages of life.
  4. Managed Care and Health Insurance (Johns Hopkins)
    This course explores the major issues related to the design, function, management, regulation, and evaluation of health insurance and managed care plans.
  5. Population Change and Public Health (Johns Hopkins)
    This course introduces the basic elements of population studies, including: population size, composition, and distribution, and the causes and consequences of changes in these characteristics.
  6. Public Health Biology (Johns Hopkins)
    This course explores population biology and ecological principles underlying public health and reviews molecular biology in relation to public health biology.
  7. Addiction and Neural Ageing (The Open University – UK)
    This course examines some of the biological and psychological issues underlying addictive behaviours and the ageing of the nervous system.
  8. Nutrition and Medicine (Tufts University)
    This course teaches basic nutrition principles that are relevant to other medical courses such as pathology, growth and development, and pharmacology.
  9. Microbiology (Tufts University)
    This course explores the principles of infectious agents, including the basic tactics used by microbial pathogens to establish infectious diseases.
  10. Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases (Johns Hopkins)
    This course explores the basic methods for infectious disease epidemiology and case studies of important disease syndromes and entities.
  11. Implant Dentistry (Tufts University)
    This course is explores the fundamentals of Implant Dentistry, including the basic concepts and foundation of diagnosis, treatment planning and sequence of treatment with the patients, practice coordinators and prosthodontic faculty members.
  12. Principles of Drug Development (Johns Hopkins)
    This course explores the underlying preclinical and clinical development of new therapeutic drugs and procedures. It describes and evaluates specific examples, and discusses legal and ethical regulations that apply to drug development.
  13. Oral Public Health and Community Service (Tufts University)
    This course examines the impact of society, disparate cultures, attitudes, health beliefs and risk behaviors on oral public health.
  14. Challenging Ideas in Mental Health (The Open University – UK)
    This course takes you on a journey of discovery where you are invited to challenge ideas, both new and old, in relation to mental health.

  15. Geriatric Dentistry (Tufts University)
    This course considers dental needs of the rapidly changing and ethnically diverse geriatric population. It covers a wide range of lecture topics, from Nutrition and Aging to Oral Cancer and Other Pathologic Lesions of the Geriatric Patient.
  16. Preclinical Complete Denture Prosthodontics (Tufts University)
    This is the introductory course to the treatment of the edentulous patient and continues as the student progresses to the Advanced Clinical Complete Denture Lecture Series and the clinical treatment of patients.
  17. Introduction to Mental Health and Disaster Preparedness (Johns Hopkins)
    This presentation introduces the topics of disaster mental health services, mental health surge capacity, and psychiatric first aid.
  18. Improving Understanding and Collaboration among First Responders (Johns Hopkins)
    This unique training addresses the institutional culture of five responder groups: law enforcement, EMS, fire, public health, and private security in an attempt at fostering understanding among these groups.
  19. Biological Agents of Water and Foodborne Bioterrorism (Johns Hopkins)
    This presentation examines the various biological agents that terrorists could use against food or water supplies.
  20. Agricultural Science and Policy I (Tufts University)
    This course highlights the relevance of natural resource conservation for ensuring healthy agricultural, food and environmental systems, as well as the various approaches for implementing it.
  21. Introduction to Human Nutrition (UC Berkeley)
    This course provides an overview of digestion and metabolism of nutrients.
  22. Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)
    The course will span modern neuroscience from molecular neurobiology to perception and cognition.
  23. Health Issues for Aging Populations (Johns Hopkins)
    Introduces the study of aging, its implications for individuals, families, and society, and the background for health policy related to older persons.
  24. Neurology, Neuropsychology, and Neurobiology of Aging (MIT)
    Lectures and discussions in this course cover the clinical, behavioral, and molecular aspects of the brain aging processes in humans.


FIRST AID

This ‘First Aid’ resource section is 100% inspired and replicated from Michelle Fabio’s excellent post on ‘Mission to Learn’. Here is a list of 10 recommended free first aid online resources:

  1. American Heart Association e-Learning
    Lots of information on heart emergencies with basic First Aid, CPR, and AED courses (for a small fee) that can be completed anytime, anywhere; also has a Pocket First Aid & CPR iPhone application.
  2. American Veterinary Medical Association Pet First Aid
    Printable information on how to deal with small and large pet emergencies from poisoning and seizures to broken bones and heatstroke.
  3. CPR Dude
    Run by an American Red Cross CPR, AED, and First Aid instructor, this site offers lots of information presented in a fun, interactive way.
  4. FirstAid4All
    Comprehensive resource with information on dealing with emergencies like choking, absence of heartbeat or breathing, poisoning, sunstroke, and electric shock as well as with accidents like burns, cuts, fractures, dislocations, bruises, bleeding, and foreign objects in the eyes or ears; also provides a checklist so you can create your own first aid kit to keep handy.
  5. First Aid Web
    Offers free self-guiding CPR and First Aid courses with regular quizzes to chart your progress; note in order to receive certification, there is a fee.
  6. Health World Online
    Instructions for dealing with many different kinds of accidents and emergency situations including animal and insect bites, fainting, frostbite, hyperventilation, seizures, splinters, and more.
  7. Kids Health
    Great for parents, the First Aid & Safety section covers how to prevent and respond to emergencies at home, outdoors, and also away from home.
  8. Mayo Clinic
    Lots of information on how to deal with accidents and emergencies, including corneal scratches, chemical splashes, head trauma, snake and tick bites, and nosebleeds; also tips on making your own first aid kit.
  9. University of Washington School of Medicine
    Includes instruction on first aid for choking, standard CPR, hands-only CPR, CPR for children and infants, and CPR for pets; also printable instructions, videos, fun facts, and even iPhone and Android applications.
  10. Waveland Fire Department
    Offers guidance on CPR procedures and the Heimlich Maneuver for choking victims, including helpful diagrams and illustrations.

Warning!

Reading, exploring and mastering these resources, does not qualify you to become a doctor (of any form). For medical and all-star wrestling professions you are required by law to go through formal education and be certified to ensure better safety and life for everyone 🙂

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State of learning management systems in higher education

Posted by drneelesh on August 29, 2009

Michael Feldstein links to a thorough review of learning management systems in higher education: presentation (webex) and slides (.pdf). The presentation starts with a bit of background noise and annoying “beeps” each time someone logs in (come on WebEx, it’s irritating). As the presentation progresses, the background noise is reduced.

The presentation includes the best diagram I’ve seen on LMS development, market share and current state:

Learning Management System Market

Learning Management System Market

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Managing the Online Reputation of Your Practice

Posted by drneelesh on August 29, 2009

Managing the Online Reputation of Your Practice: “Quotes from a recent NY Times article extrapolated to the medical field:

Your customers are talking about you and the whole world is listening: Managing Your Small Business’s Online Reputation http://bit.ly/Jfrui

84% of Americans say online reviews influence their purchasing decisions – How do doctor rating websites relate?

“Social media for business now is life or death’ a restaurateur says about online reviews.

Doctors: Do you have a Web page and blog, and are they kept up do date? Is your practice (and you) reviewed in online forums or blogs? What is the first impression?

A Google alert can automatically inform you when your business is mentioned in a review, blog or online publication.

A snarky review may make your blood boil: Give yourself time to cool off and engage in a respectful, courteous manner.

“The most important thing is not to argue with your customer. Listen. Try to put yourself in the customer’s place.”

Doctor rating websites and physicians: ‘Don’t write fake reviews to puff up your business or trash a competitor.’

Image source: OpenClipArt.org, public domain.

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Using Cellphones to diagnose Malaria and Blood disorders

Posted by drneelesh on August 27, 2009

Microscopy provides a simple, cost-effective, and vital method for the diagnosis and screening of hematologic and infectious diseases.It is an essential tool in disease diagnosis and widely used all over the world. Unfortunately, the EXPERTISE required to use the tool, and to evaluate the findings is not very common. One requires a pathologist with many years of experience to make sense of those seemingly random and confused pixels. (I know, i am a pathologist 🙂


It takes a lot of effort, and money to train a pathologist, equip him/her with all the instruments required, and then use the skills in a backward area without proper facilities. But the advent of digital imaging has solved many of our troubles. Telepathology made sure that we do not need a pathologist physically present at the site, to render a diagnosis.

But microscopy and digital imaging of the biopsy/tissue fragment was still a hassle. Now we have done better. You don’t even need a microscope to send a microscopic image over the network!! Researchers from the Univ. of California worked with high-powered LED – which retails for just a few dollars – coupled with a typical camera phone to produce a clinical quality image sufficient for detecting in a field setting some of the most common diseases in the developing world.


The newly developed technology, CellScope, allows for average cell cameras to be retrofitted with powerful microscopes, able to detect malaria parasites, and even fluorescent marker-stained tuberculosis bacteria.
Thus you have your humble cell-phone transformed into the sherlockian “cell-scope”.

“The images can either be analyzed on site or wirelessly transmitted to clinical centers for remote diagnosis. The system could be used to help provide early warning of outbreaks by shortening the time needed to screen, diagnose and treat infectious diseases,” University of California in San Francisco (UCSF)/UCB Bioengineering Graduate Group graduate student David Breslauer adds. CellScope could also provide remote access to digitized health records, and would be amenable to epidemiological studies, using triangulation or global positioning system location data, such that outbreaks could be monitored as they happen.

So maybe i could click a photomicrograph of that mole on my friend”s forearm, twitter it to my onco-pathologist friends, who view it on their smartphones and twitter / message their diagnosis back to me. Simple and fast, especially with my own group of pathologists on the network.



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Kindle in Medicine

Posted by drneelesh on August 27, 2009




Kindle is a new device that is changing the face of reading. The best of the current lot of e-book readers, Kindle is a boon for medical students and professionals, allowing them access to hundreds of books on the go!. The basic functions of Kindle can be seen here.Kindle, now in its third avatar, the Kindle Dx (Deluxe) boasts of more advanced features, like PDF support (experimental) , longer battery life, 5-way Controller and sleeker design.

Check out more features here.. You can view it from all angles, zoom into any area and look at its features.


Using Kindle in Medicine

  • Easy for medical students to keep up with all their scheduled reading. You can download and read reference materials that you have read previously to refresh your memory.You can seek out new textbooks to look for answers too.
  • Seeking out symptoms, conditions, and other relevant information is easy.You can view photos on the Kindle if you need to see pictures of various signs and symptoms conditions.
  • Study medical texts and highlight portions of texts / make notes on the Kindle as you go. Zoom into images for micro details.Bookmark and annotate important portions.
  • Research can be done on its built-in web browser ( experimental feature) , no need to carry a laptop to access the internet.It offers free Wireless access to Wikipedia
  • .Multiple books can be read at once, no need to carry a JUMBO Grey”s anatomy or Robbin”s Pathology encyclopedias !! It boasts of storage capacity of 1500 / 3500 books, depending on the Model.
  • You can listen to music while you read.
  • Inbuilt Text-to-Speech feature lets you listen to your favorite books.

It has a clear policy for returning the instrument or any content bought ( within 7 days of purchase) and also One year limited warranty. The kindle library boasts of more than 300,000 books for download, and many more added regularly. Priced at 300 and 500 $$ , and weighing approx. 300 and 500 grams (depending on the model) it is still too pricey for open embracing of this technology. Some libraries have started lending out Kindles ( with preloaded content) to its patrons.

Personally speaking , i can see a lot of content being adapted for Kindle, provided the machine becomes less expensive.
Also , many more wireless features ( like chat, email, videos etc) need to be added. If more such functionality is added to justify its high prices, i expect a LARGE number of medical students turning to Kindle.


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SCORM and multimedia in eLearning (3D models/images/flash/video etc.)

Posted by drneelesh on August 27, 2009

SCORM content, ie the Sharable Content Object Reference Model is easy to add everywhere as it is compatible with most learning management system.

Since moodle is the best opensource LMS, it uses the following SCORM compatible template to add chapters.




  • U will reach language selection page, choose English.

  • Explore the teacher dashboard. Teacher dashboard allows a teacher to add content and access students’ tests/activity log/etc.

  • This is the teacher window to add all content




Point- Always create (and store) all new content as SCORM compatible.

Use flash files, HTML, simple JAVA, Quicktime/wmv for videos, powerpoints etc. to create a packet.

Thus each elearning module can be saved as a collection of compatible media.

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Posted by drneelesh on August 25, 2009

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